Oracle RAC


In database computing, Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) — an option for the Oracle Database software produced by Oracle Corporation and introduced in 2001 with Oracle9i — provides software for clustering and high availability in Oracle database environments. Oracle Corporation includes RAC with the Standard Edition of Oracle Database (aka Baby RAC), but makes it an extra-charge option for the Enterprise Edition.

Oracle RAC allows multiple computers to run Oracle RDBMS software simultaneously while accessing a single database, thus providing a clustered database.

In a non-RAC Oracle database, a single instance accesses a single database. The database consists of a collection of data files, control files, and redo logs located on disk. The instance comprises the collection of Oracle-related memory and operating system processes that run on a computer system.

In an Oracle RAC environment, two or more computers (each with an instance) concurrently access a single database. This allows an application or user to connect to either computer and have access to a single coordinated set of data.

On 10R2 if the Oracle binaries are installed with the RAC, one can’t use those binaries to start Oracle Instance if CRS is not running, so in case when one needs to start the instance without CRS one needs to rebuild the oracle and it’s libraries to start the instance.

To turn off RAC
# link the oracle libraries
$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib
$ make -f ins_rdbms.mk rac_off
# rebuild oracle
$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
$ relink oracle

To turn on RAC
# link the oracle libraries
$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib
$ make -f ins_rdbms.mk rac_on
# rebuild oracle
$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/bin
$ relink oracle

DBAWorkDatabase support, Database services, Oracle ADF

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One Response to “Oracle RAC”

  1. Excellent ..very informative .. Thanks a lot

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